TASK 4: P4, M3, D2 – Carry out a Production role within a Production team.

VLOGS

Link To My Vlog on YouTube

PEER FEEDBACK

As the Sound Technician Kevin worked well with choosing the types of microphones available, an area of improvement is that he could have researched how to connect the types of microphones to the cameras as we had to reshoot a section of the production due to using the wrong microphone and it not being connected properly, Kevin was able to communicate his ideas across well as he was up to a change of plan, he also recognised that his idea would not be unchanged throughout. His creative practical skills could use improvement as he is not that familiar with the editing software’s and it is easy to make a production look unprofessional.

-Megan Worley

Kevin by far played the most important role in the team. Not only did he keep himself limited to what he was supposed to be doing, he contributed a lot in all aspects of the project. Providing a lot of ideas with the story plot, coming up with the script, filming the behind the scenes, being in charge of audio and technicalities, storing files, helping with the editing and a lot more. He was however very strict when it came to his ideas as he wasn’t open to too many changes. He was very confident though, even playing a role in the trailer even when it wasn’t originally planned. He had good knowledge with which right equipment we were supposed to be using so that saved a lot of time; he did also have a few mistakes, which could’ve been avoided and became very inconvenient for the whole production team. Other than that, Kevin played a key role in the team from start to finish.

-John Paglinawan

Kevin was a very good sound producer as he has an extensive knowledge of how to use the software, what songs would be best to use and has a large knowledge of music itself. Something he could improve on is working with the recording equipment and setting it up properly , he could easily improve this by getting a better knowledge on it and practicing with the equipment. Kevin also entirely shot the making off trailer himself and edited to a high standard and made large contributions to editing the trailers.

-Beth Little

PERSONAL VIEW

Taking in consideration my peers feed back I acknowledge the fact that they believe I was:

  • Decisive
  • Took charge
  • and inspirational (in some words)

and I also acknowledge the critics they had, about my slip up with the microphone on our second day of filming and take full responsibility for that (an attributes i wish was acknowledged by all my peers).

In my opinion (not to sound self indulged) I was the back bone of my group, who seemed to fall apart from the get go. When roles where initially allocated amongst us we spent a good few days waiting for leadership and direction from the person who took the rains as leader of our group. When said person disappointed I had to be concerned for all of us and took charge where I  could. This ment me writing the script, help sculpt the story board, helped chose location, ensured we had actors at the right times and most importantly kept any personal issues between group members aside in order to focus in whats really important, our production. I can admit, (looking at what Meg said) I could have accepted some more ideas, however at the time they where given, we fell behind big time and didn’t have more time to waste, so i took an executive decision that I feel dint cost us but helped us in the end.

I would admit, if given the chance to do this production again after looking over what went wrong and what went right, I would change nothing except making a schedule to be followed strictly to allow for better filming accuracy and editing time.

Task 3: P3, M2, D1 – Analysis of skills that enable me to carry out a chosen Media Production

Skills Audit Rating

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Room for improvement

Looking at my skills audit there are a few skills that have to be improved immensely, if i want to achieve my goal of being a sound editor.

  • Looking at my verbal communication skills, I can improve my team communication skills by getting to know the people I work with on a personal level. working with friends makes things go smoothly and allows for the free flow of good ideas. Also studying people i admire and emulating the good ways they address people would go a long way in improving my communication skills. Also taking certain classes and seminars will allows me to be confident when physically addressing peers or subordinates.
  • Taking a look at my practical skills, i can improve my knowledge of techniques, softwares and technologies by avidly searching through catalogues, blogs and forums which are related to such essentials.
  • Also there is room for improvement in my creative skills when it comes to the use of new equipment and software. By engaging in projects with established editors I would be able to failures my self with such equipment. Also doing independent research on theses thing and deciding which is more important to me, i can embark on studying it for my self and becoming a so called “pro” at it.

My C.V.

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(A SCREENSHOT OF MY C.V. WITH ANOTATIONS INDICATING CRITAL ROOMS FOR IMPROVEMENT)

FUTURE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT

A wise man once said we are a blank slate when we come to the world, and various interactions and circumstances mould and teach us into what we are. In my journey in life I have come across many things I felt I could excel in, but nothing was as certain when it came to editing (sound editing especially). I had tried to enrolee my self in courses and put my self in situations that can enhance my skills in this and they have only made me better, although theirs always room for improvement.

In my opinion an editor needs to be a dedicated, ambitious and creative individual. Taking an in-depth look into all these things I will be able to understand on which levels I need to improve on in the future.

Dedication – this is defined as the quality of being dedicated or committed to a task or purpose. I would say right now I would rate my dedication to editing a solid 6, though this is my potential path I don’t spend as much time editing as my enthusiasm for is. I could riddle this portion of the report wit various excuses I have for not going out of my way to find different products to edit, but I wont; instead I will highlight the things I can do different to achieve my goal.

  • Put my self out there>> I will spend time helping my peers with projects that involve editing in order to gain and give knowledge that would be valuable in honing my skills.
  • Embarked on solo projects>> doing my own editing challenges like, remaking trailers for a specific genre into another, creating AMV’s (Anima Music Videos) and borrowing peers rushes and trying to develop them into something unique. This also boosts my creativity because I’m taking time to develop an idea of something I would like to represent in my own way.
  • Take time out>> I will make it a challenge to dedicate at least 2hours a week to editing. In my opinion all the things listed above cannot happen without proper time management and usage, a skill I’m not too familiar with. I have employed the help of friends in certain editing tasks I do to give me deadlines I have to follow, in which if its not followed I will have to for fit the work I have don and miss out in a certain reward allocated to me at the end. This teaches me the proper discipline necessary for meeting and exceeding future clients deadlines.
  • Study>> I will endeavour in my own time to talk to tutors who have industry experience in editing, watch YouTube and or other forms of tutorials in order to get current and easy techniques I can use to produce good edited works.

Looking at this essential thing I need to do, I know the road wont be easy, but with the motivation that this is my potential career, I’m optimistic that I can achieve my goals.

TASK 2:P2, M1 –

PRODUCTION 

Production is defined as the action of making or manufacturing from components or raw materials, or the process of being so manufactured. in terms of film Production is the process between developing a narrative to representing it throw audio and visual mean for the purpose of provoking emotion from a target audience.

Production in this field is split into 3 categories, which are:

  1. Pre-production,
  2. production and
  3. post-production.

These therms have be outlined in the powerpoint slides you see below.

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Focusing on two of these categories we can take a deeper look into what goes into these process.

PRE-PRODUCTION

Post-production is the inaugural part of any production process. This is where the idea is quoined, vetted and drafted before being made into reality. In film making this process is critical in setting the tone for the project. depending on scale of the project, (this) planing stage can take as short as hours or longer than a few years. Post production entails theses practices:

  • Location scouting (done by a location manger or location scout),
  • Prop and wardrobe identification and preparation,
  • Special effects identification and preparation (done by the special effects supervisor and his associates and the director),
  • Production schedule (producer, production board and production manager),
  • Set construction (production manager, set manager, props manager, set contractor and subordinates),
  • Script-locking (semi-finalisation of the script) {Script writer, production board or producer & director),
  • Script read-through with cast, director and other interested parties, and
  • story boarding.

(according mediacollege.com)

POST-PRODUCTION

Post production deals with the more daunting task of finishing, polishing and marketing of film. post-production involves almost all individuals (workers) in the previous stages of production. with post production there are various ways different producers use to ensure things are done within time (i.e. following a deadline) and precisely. with my research on various websites i have come to the conclusion the following stages of post production is necessary for all budgets, film scales and appeal (i tried my best to put things in an order that is accurate enough to follow, but not this might not apply to everyone):

  1. Editing
  2. Marketing & Publicity

1) EDITING

After all production process has finished (i.e. filming) the rushes are taken to an editor(s) to put the film in sequence with the narrative and polish the visual and audios with specific and special touches to enhance the look of the final cut of the film.

Editing can take as long as 3 years (or more) or can be done in a time as short as 2 hours depending on the kind of production your film is. Dependent on these time lengths is the editing process employed during this process. i had a look at two specific websites that had a fairly similar approach to editing. Outlined below is the sequence they used:

  1. Picture editing,
  2. Sound editing.
  3. Visual Effects.

Picture Editing– with editing these days, the rushes are digitised to be able to import them onto the editing software of the the editors preference. However, according to www.rocketjump.com;

…the old way — the film way. Involves shooting the film and edit, or splice film on film editing equipment. There are few filmmakers who edit this way today…

going with the first editing format (i.e. the electronic version) with all the rushes imported it is down to the editor to have a good knowledge of the script and have sorted the rushes accordingly to aid him/her to be organised when trying to sequence the correct rushes together. The initial organisation of the rushes into files (or any format preferred by the editor) can be downsized to the assistant editor.

As an editor goes along assembling the scenes together, we sometimes come across “holes” in the filming, with some scenes not being up to par, or some scenes missing (deliberately omitted or not) that current editing revealed would be important to the films narrative at the end of the day; it would be then left for the director to round up almost all the crew, actors, etc. from the previous production phase (i.e. production) and re shoot these scenes again, just in time for the editor. once the editor has decided that there is nothing else to do (editing wise that is) he/she will declare the movie “picture locked.” Picture Locked is an old film editing term which means there is nothing more an editor can do to the film, this means that the film is basically finished and can be taken to audio editing and any other final phase before it gets exported to the preferred format. Now our days, picture lock isn’t as irreversible as it use to be, with picture editing changes can still be made at any time during the final editing stage (although if the editor is really worth his/her grain of salt these changes wouldn’t be necessary).

Hiring the “right” picture editor can be a tricky task. According to www.raindance.org the best person to refer you to a picture editor would be your cinematographer, because what is captured is captured throw their eyes (but with direction). Another tip was to hire all editors during post production, to enable them to be a part of the process from the start in order to finish the project with the same mindset.

Sound Editing– Once the picture is locked the movie is passed down to the sound editor(s) to “do their thing.” according to www.raindance.org and www.rocketjump.com there is roughly three stages to sound editing .i.e.

  1. Sound Effects,
  2. Music Composition and
  3. Sound Mixing

Sound Effects >>

in this stage of editing once the picture has been locked, it is left to the sound editor to master and correct the sounds that are within the movie so far. He has to work with what he is given, enhance it and come up with a solution to certain problems that may arise along the line. He  fixes the Diegetic sound and sets the building blocks for some necessary non-diegetic sound. when trying to redo the dialogue errors or sound errors in general a sound editor can undergo Automatic Dialogue Replacement (ADR) or Foley (which is adding in natural sound effects such a footsteps, sneezes, etc. to replace existing one or add emphasis this is done by the sound engineer and a “walker” or foley artist).

Music Composition >>

Music and film has gone and in hand since the age of silent films. A films score (i.e. the music featured on the film) can be done by most anyone, but has to be one of the things decided on during pre-production. the song are composed (ether classical or contemporary) along with the theme of the move, that involves the composer reading the scrip before hand and watching the locked footage as well. Once the score is done it is left for the sound engineer to incorporate it into the locked picture (this where ound mixing comes in).

Sound Mixing >>

www.raindance.org simply states this process as thus,

Now that you have 20-40 tracks of sound (dialogue, ADR, Foley, music) you must layer them on top of each other to artificially create a feeling of sound with depth. This is called the re-recording session or the Mix.

Like the sound engineer sound mixing can vary in style. This is also the point at which different versions of the movie can be mixed, for instance adding directors & cast commentary, re working the dialogue for foreign countries, etc.

Visual Effects- according to www.rocketjump.com there are two kinds of visual effects.

The first of which, the VFX editor will take the time to correct any colour errors, replace signage, remove cables and elements not supposed to be seen by the viewer but where present during filming. This concealment is important it adds to the end effect of the film in a subtle way.

The second of which is adding the visual effects that are supposed to be seen by the audience. Like the lasers on the Millenial falcon from star wars, etc.

MARKETING & PUBLISITY 

This involves a bevy of multiple things once the editing is over and a final cut is saved on a DCP (Digital Cinema Package). First of which would be obtaining a campaign image and a trailer.

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(examples of campaign images for recent movies)

These images along side a trailer is a good form of marketing, used to prompt target audiences that a certain film, genre of film, or actor is coming soon, which would encourage them to want  to go see the movie. These are known as marketing strategies are is left to the produces preferred marketing team to handle and produce results.

Also, special interviews are granted for directors, actors and specific crew in order to further promote the films release in a bid to conquer box-office or raise awareness. Some films have special events and product placement tie ins that also achieve this goal. This process is known as publicity.

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 (A Venn Diagram used to show the differences and similarities between Pre and Post-production)

From the diagram above it is easy to see that both production  processes function similarly in these way:

  • The director is a constant between all phases of production. His duties might varies between them, but hi opinion remains revered and adhered to throw out.
  • the schedule is made in pre-production and is followed all the way down to post-production.
  • Scheduling is a task that has to be done in all stages of production, it may differ between pre and post but the similarity is that its done in either.
  • The scrip is read through in pre-production to ensure there isn’t any errors in continuity and grammar, and is read through in post production to ensure the editor knows which sequence to put sound, rushes, etc.
  • The producers input is seen in every stage of production, because of the capital and resources he/her or they have invested into the project, in a bid to ensure everything they want out of it is present.

The differences however are as follows;

  • In pre production, a producer spends a considerable amount of time searching for the right scrip. The script takes a certain amount of time to develop and once its done it is then used through out the other stages as a blue-print to be followed. Thus going to show that the Script is created in Pre-production but followed in post.
  • The budget is deliberated on and finalised in pre-production but is followed throw the other tears of production.
  • Location scouting is a preliminary thing that happens after the scrip is developed but never during filming or anytime after. Thus this a pre-production affair.
  • Casting is done after locations are found, script is developed and the budget is decided. You don’t cast during post production because filming would ideally be finished.
  • Editing is a process that is known as a finishing a project, so it is only right to have that as a post-production event.
  • The sound track is made with the films locked picture and a picture lock can only be achieved through editing.
  • A trailer is developed after the film has been made.
  • All marketing process are to be done of the final project not a preconceived idea.
  • Screening and box office sails can be done and or tabulated only after there is a film to screen.

The impacts of pre and post production to a move is visible through the movies overall success at box-office. All post production efforts are done in order to make sure the final project appeals to a wide and target audience properly and more often than not, this phase of production saves the whole production process. On the other hand Pre productions impact on the whole production is very preliminary and essential. This is because this is where all ideas that was made into reality was conceived. without pre production there would be no post production because there would be no idea to developed.

Reference

http://www.thevideoeffect.tv/2013/06/26/video-pre-production-and-post-production/

http://www.mediacollege.com/glossary/p/pre-production.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Production_schedule

http://www.bbc.co.uk/filmnetwork/filmmaking/guide/production/post-production-and-editing

http://www.rocketjump.com/channels/post-production-what-is-it

http://www.raindance.org/the-13-steps-of-post-production/

TASK 1:P1 – MEDIA JOBS

MEDIA JOBS 

According to creative skill sets website there are approximately over 300 kinds of jobs in the media industry, throw all platforms of media like TV, Radio, Publishing, etc. The media industry is a full on passion driven industry, which pushes the boundaries of creativity, so theres no wonder why their are so many job opportunities for the thousands of media, communications and arts graduates each year.

However some people don’t know what job is right for them, and waist time going throw trail and error than working according to individual strengths. Here are two examples of job roles in the media industry I find interesting.

  1. Graphic/Title Designer (TD), and 
  2. Editor.
1) Graphic/Title Designer (TD) 

According to media match magazine (online)  Title Designers design the opening titles, captions and credits for film and TV productions. They may spend a great deal of time researching or creating specific fonts which accurately reflect the film’s genre or period. They also contribute to creative decisions such as the choice of color, and whether to include animation or special effects. They may be freelance (i.e. to be self-employed and hired to work for different companies on particular assignments) and pitch for work using their show reels, or they may be employed by digital, special effects and design companies. Title Designers are often required to work long hours with strict deadlines.

 You will need a degree in Graphic Design, Film, Photography or Illustration. College courses provide the opportunity to build a strong portfolio of work which is vital in such a highly competitive arena. In terms of the job, some start out in advertising agencies or design consultancies while others may begin as juniors in digital special effects houses and gain immediate experience of working on films. A strong portfolio of work is a prerequisite to gaining entry into film and television design even at a junior level. Titles Designers must have a good knowledge of graphics and typography plus a good working understanding of computer and graphics software packages. Knowledge of animation techniques, film cameras and digital editing, is also required.  – See more at: http://www.media-match.com/usa/media/jobtypes/graphic-titles-designer-jobs-402723.php#sthash.0FlGOExK.dpuf

2) Editor

The Editor works closely with the Director, crafting the daily rushes into a coherent whole. To ensure that the story flows effortlessly from beginning to end, each shot is carefully chosen and edited into a series of scenes, which are in turn assembled to create the finished film.

Editors work long, unsociable hours, often under pressure, in an edit suite. They are employed on a freelance basis by the Producer (sometimes with the approval of the film’s financiers), based on their reputation and experience. Editors often work on television drama, as well as on feature films.

The Editor works closely with the Director before shooting begins, deciding how to maximise the potential of the screenplay. Editors check the technical standards, as well as the emerging sense of story, and the actors’ performances.

Because scenes are shot and edited out of sequence, Editors may work on scenes from the end of the film before those at the beginning, and must therefore be able to maintain a good sense of how the story is unfolding.

Editors select the best takes and edit them together to create scenes. In some cases, an improvised line or an actor’s interpretation of their role may create some on-screen magic that can be developed into a new and exciting scene.

During the post production period, the Editor and the Director work closely together, refining the assembly edit into the Director’s Cut, which must be approved by the Producers, until they achieve picture lock or Fine Cut (when the Director and/or Executive Producer give final approval of the picture edit).

Editors usually work in a supervisory role during the subsequent music and track laying, and sound mix.

there are not any specific qualifications to become an editor, however here is a link with a list of courses that will help boost, or further your knowledge of the carer  – Film production courses awarded the Creative Skillset Tick

I HOPE YOU FOUND THIS HELPFUL